Proper Oral Health – Infancy to Adulthood


Oral health is an important part of total body health and starts at the first stages of life. Visiting the dentist and establishing a “Dental Home” early on ensures that children and families have access to treatment and education. The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends a dentist test a young child within six months of the eruption of the first tooth and no later than the first birthday. A dental visit from a young age is a “well baby checkup” for a tooth. Besides checking the child for tooth decay and other dental developmental problems, the parents may benefit from education on how to correctly wash the child’s teeth, how to recognize adverse habits like thumb sucking, and the significance of proper diet at an early age.

A child’s primary teeth, occasionally called “baby teeth,” typically start to appear between age six months and annually. Primary teeth help kids chew and talk, maintain space in the jaws for permanent teeth which are growing and are as important as the permanent adult teeth.

Proper oral hygiene is vital to overall body wellness for many ages and should consist of routine cleaning, flossing, fluoride usage, sealants, regular dental appointments, and proper nutrition. Individual dental care programs might change as a person ages and risk factors for the dental disease might also alter. Today we know that poor oral health and periodontal (gum) disease may cause an increased risk for conditions such as cardiovascular disease, cardiac complications, stroke, pancreatic cancer, along with low birth-weight infants.

Listed below are tips for dental health maintenance:

Brushing/daily cleaning – Your teeth should be brushed twice every day, preferably after breakfast and before bedtime. Brushing your teeth will help remove plaque, bacteria, and food particles which could cause tooth decay, gum disease, and potentially tooth reduction. Make time to brush your teeth – about 2 minutes with a pea-sized quantity of fluoridated toothpaste. For children, use of a timing device such as the microwave timer can help them from becoming too fast with their brushing. Brush your teeth with a soft palate, manual toothbrush, or energy toothbrush, being careful to use a tiny circular motion and to not “wash” too vigorously since this may lead to receding gums and also exposed root surfaces. Replace your toothbrush every 3 months, as it shows wear, tear or after an illness such as a cold or flu. A worn toothbrush doesn’t effectively clean your teeth. Adults must monitor kids until about age eight because dexterity and the ability to become comprehensive can be restricted. Young children should have their teeth and gums cleaned by an adult. Only wrap a washcloth around a finger and draining the gums and teeth can remove harmful plaque and germs. Usually, dentists see a gain in the number of “cavities” in middle to late teen ages due to freedom from both eating options and everyday brushing and flossing habits. Also, many of the children within this age group have orthodontic appliances using their capacity to clean their teeth thoroughly.

See: Waterloo Dentist | Dentistry & Dental Clinic in Waterloo Ontario

Cleaning between your teeth – Today there are lots of options available to wash in between your teeth. A number of these include pre-threaded cleaner holders, grips with little brushes, automatic flossers, or conventional dental floss. Regardless of what you use, cleaning effectively between your teeth at least once per day to remove plaque from the tooth surfaces that your toothbrush can’t reach is quite important. Brushing only cleans about 3/4 your teeth. Cleaning between the teeth daily eliminates plaque and bacteria before it has an opportunity to stay in the mouth area and contribute to disease development. Swelling or bleeding of the gums when brushing or flossing isn’t normal and frequently one of the earliest signs of periodontal or other systemic diseases. If rust is detected you should come to your Dentist for an exam.

Fluoride – Exposure to the proper quantities of fluoride can help prevent tooth decay. Many community water supplies are fluoridated and drinking tap water regularly will ensure that you have access to the significant cavity preventing nutrient. Many bottled glasses of water, however, do not contain fluoride. Several remedies are offered for those who do not receive the recommended number of daily fluoride. Generally, when seeing the dental office, the requirement and recommendations on fluoride are going to be discussed. The benefits of fluoride aren’t just for kids, but many adults may benefit from this preventative therapy as well. Older adults, especially those taking multiple drugs, frequently suffer from xerostomia, a big word for decreased saliva flow along with a dry mouth, which put them at a really higher risk for decay.

Sealants – Sealants are ensured protective materials that are put on the biting surfaces of back teeth to protect the fissures, or little grooves, where germs can harbor and start regions of decay. These small bonded sealants most commonly do not require drilling or anesthetic to be put. The cost is significantly less than using a filling set and they’re very capable of preventing decay and preserving tooth structure. Sealants aren’t “just for children.” Adults with unfilled back teeth can also benefit from placement of sealants.

Routine dental visits – Routine dental visits are essential for keeping healthy gums and teeth, which will result in being able to keep your own teeth for a life. A specialist dental exam will be recommended at least every six months and should include the following: a soft tissue examination and oral cancer screening, and detailed restorative evaluation to talk about existing conditions, and an examination and hazard assessment for periodontal diseases and dental deterioration. Many individuals today are considering enhancing their smiles cosmetically. Whitening, crowns, veneers, crowns, and orthodontics may also be discussed with your physician. Your dentist may also evaluate your bite to specify whether you are clenching or grinding and also make appropriate recommendations to avoid future wear the teeth. Dentists often find the earliest signs of those habits in very young adults. The long-term harm and lack of tooth structure could be readily and inexpensively treated using a small protective appliance, like a retainer, to be worn out at night. It’s very important to note that even people who might have dentures and partials must visit the dentist regularly to get an exam and oral cancer screening; ill-fitting appliances may promote excessive wear on your teeth, sore spots on the cells, and general discomfort.

Nutrition – In addition to proper oral hygiene, picking a diet full of wholesome foods and avoiding snacks and beverages that are high in acid or sugar are good techniques to keep a healthy smile. Carbonated sodas, sweet fruit drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, along with sugary snack foods must be limited. You do not need to eliminate these foods and drinks completely, but restricting the total number of times that the teeth are exposed to such foods is vitally important to maintaining healthy teeth for a very long time.

The feverish pace of today’s lifestyles often leaves very little time to consider the importance of taking care of ourselves. Today we know that the mouth would be the “window into your system” and several ailments and ailments exhibit symptoms and signs at the mouth. While needs and concerns may change as we go from early childhood to maturity, it is important at all phases to place priority on keeping appropriate oral health. Your Dentist is a significant partner in your general health. Keep smiling and watch your Dentist!